The cause of the disease and the death of pigs in the Khotyn district could be feeding pigs residues of animal waste from the table (slops).
In the study at the State Research Institute of Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise (Kyiv), two samples of biological material collected from pigs in the private farm of the Hrozyntsi village of the Khotyn district, Chernivtsi region, the DNA of the African swine fever virus was detected.
The farm had 2 pigs at the age of 9 months. Feeding pigs was carried out by dry food, home-made milk whey from their own cow and the remains of food waste from the table (slops). The corpses of two pigs were burned on the territory of the household plot of the owners of the farm, the remains were buried to a depth of 2 meters. The territory of the farm and the place of burning have been disinfected with FAM 30. The measures to eliminate the disease in the center of origin and prevent the spread of the disease continue.
When analyzing the occurrence of African swine fever, in farms of different forms of ownership it is established that the disease is mostly entered with food products of animal origin. Most hosts, in which pigs are sick with African swine fever, confirm that they used kitchen waste for feeding animals, among which there could be pieces of sausage, hams, lard. And as you know, the virus can persist for up to three and even up to six months in smoked meat products.
The General Directorate of the State Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection in the Chernivtsi region once again stresses that in the conditions of a tense epizootic situation on the African swine fever in Bukovina, the health and well-being of animals depends entirely on the public consciousness and actions of the persons containing these animals. In this regard, the following rules must be observed:
- contain pigs only in enclosed spaces, not allowing their walking and contact with other animals;
- do not feed pigs with food waste containing pork or slaughter products without heat treatment;
- not to buy animals in places not established for this purpose and without accompanying veterinary documents;
- to serve animals only in changeable overalls, using separate means of care and inventory;
- do not allow visits to the farm and livestock buildings to third parties;
- ensure the closed mode of the farm;
- do not slaughter sick pigs and do not alter their carcasses.