Iryna Palamar, the head of the Ukrainian Stock Breeders Association (the USBA) and a public figure, spoke at a meeting of the working group on improving the investment attractiveness of the agricultural sector, where she strongly expressed the need to immediately adopt a law on counteracting agrarian raids, as well as to prevent the importation of unsuitable pesticides into Ukraine, the principle of compartmentalization, the restoration of rail routes for the logistics of agricultural products and the construction of infrastructure to help peasants in the production of milk and meat.
On July 20, 2018 Iryna Palamar, the head of the USBA, took part in the working group on improving the investment attractiveness of the agricultural sector at the National Investment Council, where the Roadmap for Priorities for Reforming Agriculture was discussed.
Iryna Palamar raised a number of extremely acute issues related to the situation in the livestock sector and she expressed suggestions that she proposed to include in the draft road map on the implementation of the recommendation of the working group on improving the investment climate in the agricultural sector.
1. Prevention and counteraction to agrarian raiding (seizure of land and property of agricultural enterprises).
Systemic growth of raider seizure of lands and property of agricultural enterprises not only hinders the activities of entrepreneurs, producers of agricultural products, but also negatively affects investment attractiveness.
"Therefore, this issue should become a priority for the development of the agricultural market and improve the investment climate," Iryna Palamar said. - In this regard, it is necessary to finalize as soon as possible the draft law "On Amendments to the Land Code of Ukraine and some other legislative acts to counter raid" No. 8121 of 14.03.2018 to its second reading and approval in the Verkhovna Rada.
2. Preventing and counteracting the importation into the territory of Ukraine the production and trafficking of counterfeit or unsuitable pesticides in agriculture, as well as preventing the poisoning of agricultural animals and people due to non-compliance with the legislation on the use of pesticides and agrochemicals.
"According to FAO, the share of counterfeit products in the pesticide market is 25% in Ukraine, while in the world market it is 10%," Irina Palamar noted. - In Ukraine an increase in the number of cases of poisoning of animals (bees, cows) and people is recorded annually because of non-compliance by agricultural producers with established requirements for the use of pesticides and agrochemicals. Today, the maximum administrative responsibility is 170 UAH, Art. 83 of the Administrative Code of Ukraine.
The head of the USBA stressed that it is necessary to develop a draft of amendments to the legislation aimed at preventing and counteracting the importation of uncertified pesticides into the territory of Ukraine and increase liability for violation of this norm.
"At the meeting we were very much supported in this matter by representatives of the American-Ukrainian Business Council," Iryna Palamar noted. - After all, world producers of mineral fertilizers also suffer from the presence of a large number of counterfeit, uncertified products on the market. Therefore, we will agree with the members of the American-Ukrainian Business Council that we will work together on proposals for changes in the legislation on pesticides, so that they can be submitted for approval as soon as possible. This is an extremely important issue for Ukraine. It concerns not only the economy, but also the health of the nation".
3. Assistance in the export of pork meat by implementing the principle of compartmentalization in Ukrainian legislation.
Compartmentalization is a special procedure that is common in many world countries, which allows enterprises to carry out international trade after a detailed check, even in the conditions of spreading certain epizootic diseases, for example, ASF, in the country of their activity. Thus, the introduction of compartmentalization will help to invest in the pig industry and increase exports of pork.
"The presence of African swine fever in Ukraine is extremely negative in the development of the pig industry," Iryna Palamar commented. - This is the decline in the number of pigs and damage to farms, and the closure of most of the export markets. At the same time, the world practice makes it possible for farmers to work in the foreign market, even if in the country of their activity there are certain epizootic diseases - through the procedure of compartmentalization. Unfortunately, there is no proper legislation that would allow the pig industry to continue to work for export in Ukraine.
Therefore, I came forward with a demand to accelerate the adoption of the necessary legislation to implement the principle of compartmentalization. At the level of the State Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection there are already three draft orders that have not yet been approved by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy: "On the implementation of compartmentalization", "On the approval of the Instruction on the content of pigs to prevent the spread of infectious diseases", "On Amending the Instruction for the Prevention and Control of the African Swine Fever" They need to be approved as soon as possible if we want to develop the pig industry. And on this issue we received great support from the US-Ukrainian Business Council, which promised to help us."
4. The issue of equipping railways with agricultural enterprises to facilitate the logistics of products.
Today the Ukrainian railway communication is in a very poor state. New ways are not built, and old ones are destroyed.
"Railway rails are simply being stolen, they are dismantled and handed over to scrap metal. And to build a new one cost too much money. The "Ukrainian Railway", which should monitor the state of the railways and promote their development, does not properly perform these functions. So what kind of investments in agriculture can we talk about, if we do not have the basic conditions for logistics?"
5. Promotion of the introduction of new sanitary requirements for the quality of milk, as well as the slaughter of farm animals and the sale of meat.
Since January 1, 2019 new DSTU 3662: 2015 "Raw cow milk. Technical conditions " came into force and in the part of the requirements for milk of the second grade DSTU 3662-97 "Whole cow milk. Requirements for procurement", according to which the second grade of milk cannot be used for food production.
At the same time almost 70% of milk is produced in households of the population and is the main raw material for the dairy industry in Ukraine. Unfortunately, private households will not be able to meet the new sanitary requirements for milk quality due to lack of proper equipment or infrastructure of enterprises.
Also, on April 4, 2018 the Law of Ukraine "On State Control over Compliance with the Legislation on Foodstuffs, Feed, Animal by-Products, Animal Health and Welfare" came into force, which provides for a reduction in the slaughter of domestic animals not in the slaughterhouse of up to three heads of domestic artiodactyls animals or other ungulates in a week. That is, already in 2020, products obtained as a result of slaughter not in the slaughterhouse, can be used exclusively for own consumption and sold only within 50 km of the slaughter site.
"Before introducing such legislative initiatives, it is necessary to create the necessary infrastructure for the peasants so that they can produce high quality milk or slaughter animals in certified slaughterhouses, Iryna Palamar commented. - It is necessary to provide villages with specially equipped milk receiving points, milking parlors, so that the quality of milk could be improved. In addition, it is necessary to build a network of slaughter stations, so that peasants can obtain the right to sell meat; to build meat processing enterprises.
Therefore, I emphasize that it is necessary to make appropriate changes to the Concept of the State Target Program for the Development of the Agrarian Sector of the Economy for the period until 2020 in the development of dairy and meat agricultural cooperatives, slaughterhouses and meat processing enterprises or to develop a Concept for the development of dairy and meat industries in Ukraine. We need state and donor support for the households of the population and agricultural cooperatives, as well as for small businesses."